Read e-book online Ammonius : on Aristotle on interpretation 1-8 PDF

By Ammonius, David A. Blank

ISBN-10: 0715626574

ISBN-13: 9780715626573

ISBN-10: 1306723914

ISBN-13: 9781306723916

ISBN-10: 1472501845

ISBN-13: 9781472501844

ISBN-10: 1472558448

ISBN-13: 9781472558442

Aristotle's On Interpretation, the centrepiece of his good judgment, examines the connection among conflicting pairs of statements. the 1st 8 chapters, analysed during this quantity, clarify what statements are, ranging from their uncomplicated parts - the phrases - and dealing as much as the nature of adverse affirmations and negations.
Ammonius, who in his means as Professor at Alexandria from round advert 470 taught just about all the nice sixth-century commentators, left simply this one observation in his personal identify, even supposing his lectures on different works of Aristotle were written up by way of his scholars, who integrated Philoponus and Asclepius. His principles on Aristotle's On Interpretation were derived from his personal instructor, Proclus, and in part from the good misplaced observation of Porphyry. the 2 most crucial extant commentaries on On Interpretation, of which this can be one (the different being via Boethius) either draw on Porphyry's paintings, which are to some degree reconstructed for them

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He makes this clear in many of his treatises, where he attempts to show that names are consonant with things. ). These names posited by him show very clearly what the Philosopher thought about these matters. 30 38,1 5 10 15 If someone thinks he can show that names ought not to be said to be ‘by nature’ even in this way, attacking179 on the grounds that names are substituted (metathesis)180 and that the same thing is often named by several names, we shall reply that the substitution actually shows quite clearly that names are by nature.

These, then, have been discussed in the On the Soul, as they belong to another course. e. e. truth and falsity]: do they belong to things or to thoughts or to vocal sounds (phônai) or to any two or even to all of these; and if they belong to vocal sounds, then to which ones, to names and verbs or to the sentences which consist of them? e. truth and falsity] are observed with respect to the thoughts, which are causes of the vocal sounds. In fact, some of these are simple, signified by simple vocal sounds and admitting neither truth nor falsity, while the compound ones are concerned with compound things [or: states of affairs (pragmata)], signified by compounded vocal sounds and admitting falsity and truth.

He says that truth and falsity are seen both in thoughts and in what is in the vocal sound – not, however, in the simple ones, but in the compounds. e. complex thoughts and sentences] one of them must belong, either truth or falsity. 15 20 Now, that no simple thought accepts either truth or falsity is clear from induction. One who forms in himself the thought of Socrates knows nothing true or false, unless walking or reading or being is added to it; for if the thing should happen to be in this state which the imagination (epinoia) envisages, the thought will be true, but if the thing is in a different state and the soul envisages the opposite, 25 36 30 27,1 5 10 15 20 25 Translation and, say, when Socrates is not walking, we imagine him as walking, it is necessarily false.

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Ammonius : on Aristotle on interpretation 1-8 by Ammonius, David A. Blank

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